This February, in nearly 60 local bond and levy elections across the state, Washington voters sent a strong message of support to their local schools by approving 55 school levies, raising more than $817 million dollars for schools.
Sixteen of the 27 bonds passed, raising $1.11 billion for districts across the state. Unlike levies, the passing threshold for bonds is 60 percent. If a simple majority were the threshold, nine other bonds would have passed, raising an additional $694 million for school districts. A bill was introduced this session by Rep. Mia Gregorson to change the passing threshold for bonds to 50 percent, but it did not make it out of the House Education committee.
Of the 55 levies that passed, 44 were for maintenance and operations and raised $804 million total for districts across the state. Eleven of the 55 passed levies are capital levies, which raised more than $12 million for schools.
Eight of the levies passed thanks to simple majority, a 2007 voter-approved constitutional amendment supported by the League of Education Voters. Between 2008 and 2015, nearly $5 billion was raised for schools through local levies.
Community and technical colleges throughout Washington, as well as the six public four-year institutions, are partnering to use students’ high school Smarter Balanced assessment scores in fall 2016 in lieu of their campus-based placement tests.
Students who score at levels 3 or 4 on their 11th grade Smarter Balanced assessments will be able to enroll directly in credit-bearing college courses. Students who score below those levels will be enrolled in newly designed “Bridge to College” courses that will quickly raise them to college-level readiness rather than taking remedial courses that effectively copy high school courses they have already taken. These new courses are being collaboratively designed and developed by higher education faculty, high school teachers, and curriculum specialists from around the state.
“The Smarter Balanced Assessments will give 11th graders a much-needed heads up on whether they’ll place into math and English language courses in college, or whether they’re headed toward remedial classes instead,” said Bill Moore, director of K–12 partnerships at the State Board for Community and Technical Colleges. “Students then have their senior year to either catch up or take even more advanced classes.” (more…)
When looking at the economic value of education, researchers tend to look at the impact of a high school diploma or a bachelor’s degree. On average, a person with an undergraduate degree earns $1 million more in lifetime wages than a person with only a high school diploma. The economic return on investment for community and technical college students receives little attention in this discussion. Recently more in-depth research has been undertaken by the Community College Research Center to determine the economic value Washington State community and technical colleges provide their students.
A longitudinal study was conducted to see how outcomes in community college impact future earnings for the multiple pathways offered in community colleges. The study compared earnings and employment data for Washington State community college students from their initial time of enrollment in 2001-02 to seven years after first enrolling in school. The study tracks students’ employment status, hourly wages, and total earnings to determine the average financial benefit earned by community college students who attain a short-term certificate (less than one year to complete), long-term certificate (a year or more to complete), or an associate’s degree. These outcomes were compared to a baseline of students who attended community college, but didn’t attain a short- or long-term certificate or an associate’s degree.
The researchers found that by completing an associate degree or long-term certificate, a student’s likelihood of employment and earning are positively impacted. Female graduates experienced more significant benefits from long-term certificates and associate degrees than their male counterparts. In contrast, short-term certificates were found to have no impact on the likelihood of employment or hours worked. Within a given credential level (associate degree, short/long-term certificate) there is significant variation in earnings and likelihood of employment resulting from the different fields of study.
The entire report can be found here.